Autechre Biography

Autechre are an English electronic music group consisting of Rob Brown and Sean Booth, both natives of Rochdale, Greater Manchester. Formed in 1987, the duo are one of the most prominent acts signed with Warp Records, a label known for its pioneering electronic music and through which all Autechre albums have been released. While most associated with IDM (intelligent dance music), Booth and Brown are ambivalent in relating their sound to established genres. Their music has exhibited a gradual shift in aesthetic throughout their career, from their earlier work with clear roots in techno, electro and hip hop to later albums that are often considered more experimental in nature, featuring complex patterns of rhythm and subdued melodies. Oversteps, their most recent album, was released on February 22nd 2010.

Autechre have also recorded under various pseudonyms. One of the duo's earliest recordings was a 12" under the alias Lego Feet, released in 1991 on Skam Records. The majority of releases by the mysterious "umbrella project" Gescom, most of them on Skam, have been attributed to Booth and Brown, among other artists.

Booth and Brown pronounce the name Autechre with a Rochdale accent (/ɔːˈtɛkər/ aw-TEK-ər). However, they have explained that the name can be pronounced in any way one sees fit. Booth explains: "The first two letters were intentional, because there was an 'au' sound in the track, and the rest of the letters were bashed randomly on the keyboard. We had this track title for ages, and we had written it on a cassette, with some graphics. It looked good, and we began using it as our name." They are also referred to by the monikers "Ae" and "æ".

Early years (1987–1992)

Brown and Booth met in 1987 when they both lived in Rochdale, Greater Manchester. Originally meeting through Manchester's graffiti scene, heavily influenced by electro and hip hop they began trading mixtapes between each other, and gradually moved on to their own compositions while collecting a handful of cheap equipment, most notably a Casio SK-1 sampler and a Roland TR-606 drum machine. Their first release was Lego Feet, a 12" recorded under an alias of the same name brought out by Manchester's Skam Records. Their first release as Autechre was a single, "Cavity Job", appearing on the Hardcore Records label in 1991. Shortly after, in 1992, two more tracks under the now finalised Autechre name were featured on the Warp Records compilation Artificial Intelligence, as part of the series of the same name, including "The Egg" which would later be reworked for their first full length release under the title "Eggshell".

Incunabula and Amber (1993–1994)
In 1993 Warp released their debut album, Incunabula, which became a surprise success, reaching the top of the UK Indie Chart. The album had a cool, calculated feel, with clear techno and electro roots, but also showed hints of the rhythmic flourishes and tuned percussion that would later become an important feature of their work. An EP of remixes of Incunabula's "Basscadet" was released the following year. 1994 also saw the release of Amber, an album featuring a more ambient, less percussive approach than their debut.

The Anti EP was released shortly before Amber and is as yet the only Autechre release to have an explicit purpose: it was a protest against the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994, which would prohibit raves, defined as any gathering of nine or more people where rave music is played. Rave music was defined as music which "includes sounds wholly or predominantly characterised by the emission of a succession of repetitive beats". The record came wrapped in a seal, on which was printed a legal warning: "Flutter has been programmed in such a way that no bars contain identical beats and can therefore be played at both forty five and thirty three revolutions under the proposed new law. However we advise DJs to have a lawyer and musicologist present at all times to confirm the non repetitive nature of the music in the event of police harassment."

Tri Repetae, Chiastic Slide, and LP5 (1994–2001)
1995 saw the release of Tri Repetae, their third album, as well as the EPs Anvil Vapre and Garbage. Featuring a stark monochrome cover designed by The Designers Republic, with whom Autechre have long held a close association, Tri Repetae was perhaps their most sparse and deliberately cold work yet, exhibiting stripped down mechanical beats and an increasingly more subtle use of synthesizers. Often considered a classic of mid-1990s electronic music, Tri Repetae and its associated EPs were combined into a two disc set entitled Tri Repetae++, which was released in the United States. An official promotional video was created by English visual artist Chris Cunningham for "Second Bad Vilbel" from Anvil Vapre. This would be his first music video and the duo's second, their first being Jess Scott-Hunter's video for the single "Basscadet". The Anvil Vapre video featured rapidly cut shots of industrial machinery and robotic movement, synchronized with the music. Cunningham later re-edited the video in 2002, following his disappointment with the original: "It was intended to be completely abstract but it didn't quite work out that way". A two track vinyl-only EP entitled We R Are Why, similar in style to Tri Repetae, was available to buy during certain concerts and via mail order during 1996.

Autechre released three records in 1997: the full length Chiastic Slide, and the EPs Envane and Cichlisuite. The latter EP (pronounced as "sickly sweet") consists, as its title suggests, of five remixed versions of "Cichli" from Chiastic Slide, though they sound remarkably distant from the industrial-influenced, loop-heavy style of the original source. Containing four tracks, each around the eight minute mark, Envane is a coherent EP that showcases a strong hip hop influence, featuring a clear vocal sample (taken from "No Awareness" on Dr. Octagonecologyst) and scratching on its opening track, "Goz Quarter". Radio Mix was also released in 1997. A rare CD-only promotional recording, it contains an hour long DJ mix of other artists' tracks, some of them remixed by Autechre, as well as a short interview edited sometimes to the point of incomprehensibility.

An untitled record (typically known as LP5 or simply Autechre) followed in 1998, continuing the duo's path into further technical precision, experimentation, and what some feel to be audio abstraction. It has been seen as a transitional work, with Brown commenting in 2005 that "a lot of people have cited it as a classic Autechre album because it bridges the gap between the guys who liked our old stuff and the guys who got propelled on to our new stuff."

1999 saw the release of their first Peel session EP, consisting of three unreleased tracks for British broadcaster John Peel's show for BBC Radio 1 in the complex rhythmic style of LP5, as well as a vinyl-only limited edition promotional EP entitled Splitrmx12. 1999 also saw EP7, which is classed by the group as an EP despite being over an hour in length.

Confield, Draft 7.30, and Untilted (2001–2008)
The new millennium brought about a drastic change in Autechre's style, initially indicated by the heavily generative EP7. Demonstrated by Confield (2001) and Draft 7.30 (2003), as well as the Gantz Graf EP (2002), listeners could hear Autechre's move into a musical territory built upon almost unrestrained rhythm backed by sparse melodies buried further back in the mix than ever before. Although still strongly connected to the IDM genre tag, tracks like Confield's closer "Lentic Catachresis" seem to momentarily sever all ties the duo have with electronic dance music, even in its broadest sense. In a similarly chaotic fashion, the title track from Gantz Graf inspired an iconic video by British designer Alex Rutterford, featuring an object (or an agglomeration of objects) synchronized to the music as it morphs, pulsates, shakes, and finally dissolves. Rutterford, who had previously created an unofficial video for the Tri Repetae track "Eutow" as part of the Channel 4 music programme Lo-Fi in 2001, claimed the idea for the "Gantz Graf" video came during one of his LSD trips. The second Autechre Peel session EP was also released in 2002, containing four new tracks that were named by John Peel himself. Autechre released two collaborative albums with Andrew M. McKenzie's Hafler Trio collective during the following three years (see collaborations).
The reactions by both professional critics and fans to the release of Confield were mixed, as perhaps expected, though generally positive. Some publishers even went so far as to say it exhibits the duo at "the top of their game" and "cements Autechre's name in the pantheon of sonic visionaries", as well as praising its intricate, ambitious and unsettling nature. According to Sean Booth, "most of Confield came out of experiments with Max that weren't really applicable in a club environment." In contrast, 2003's Draft 7.30 was seen by some as a relatively easier record to grasp, combining Confield's sonic abstraction and ambition with splintered, harder beats that recall more the duo's interest in techno and hip hop, such as in the almost glitch hop rhythm of "V-Proc". Booth stated in an interview around the release of Draft 7.30 that "[rhythm] doesn't seem to limit us in the way it did when we first started. Now I think we just get it, we're totally fluent in it and can be more expressive."

Untilted (a play on the word "untitled"), the duo's eighth album, was released in 2005. It roughly continued the sound of their previous two LPs, though featured compositions that mutated greatly during their duration, typically alternating between passages of ambience and heavily processed, precise beats, such as on "Ipacial Section". Its final track, "Sublimit", is at almost sixteen minutes Autechre's longest composition to feature on any of their albums. The release of Untilted was followed by a two month tour that took the group around Europe, America and Japan, but withdrew them from studio work for an unusual length of time. The outcome of this, coupled with a forced change in studio setup, was a gap of three years between releases, longer than ever before.

Quaristice and Oversteps (2008–2010)

Their ninth album, Quaristice, was finally released in early 2008. In stark contrast to Untilted, it is made up of twenty tracks, more than any other Autechre release, each typically around 2-5 minutes in length. The download-only EP that accompanies it (as well as three tracks released exclusively through the Japanese iTunes store and the Versions bonus disc) brings the total length of music released during their Quaristice era to over four hours. Among this is the hour-long, extremely minimal "Perlence subrange 6-36" that closes the EP. The sound of Quaristice, while unusually erratic, is arguably highly representative of Autechre as a whole: it contains washes of ambience, and heavily processed and textured sound design, together with beats both typical of IDM and resembling the techno and hip hop that influenced the duo in their early days. Each track on Quaristice was edited down from lengthy improvised sessions between Booth and Brown, some of which were released in longer versions on Although Sean Booth has stated that the FLAC release of Quaristice is the actual product, the album was also released by Warp Records as a double LP and a single CD as well as an elaborate two CD edition by Warp Records. Limited to only 1000 copies, and containing both the regular album and Quaristice (Versions), this special edition was packaged in a photo-etched steel case. It sold out within 12 hours of being announced.

On 13 January 2010, Warp Records announced Oversteps, Autechre's tenth album. Originally slated to be released in March, it was released a month early in digital form on to those who preordered it; the CD and deluxe vinyl editions are due to be released on 22 March 2010. A two-month European tour is also planned in support of the album. The sound of Oversteps, as with Quaristice, is greatly eclectic, though it is perhaps their most noticeably ambient release since 1994's Amber. Autechre then compiled a mix for the magazine FACT, released in February of the same year, that consisted of tracks by artists as diverse as J Dilla and Necrophagist.Influences

A wide variety of influences have been noted as discernible in Autechre's music. The duo's roots in tagging, early hip-hop and electro music, and b-boy culture in general are still evident, with many reviews noting hip-hop rhythms - sometimes heavily obscured or processed, and sometimes explicit even in later work. All of Autechre's live webcasts have featured large amounts of early hip-hop and electro. In a review of Oversteps, The Wire noted "Treale" as being "a reminder of Booth and Brown's musical apprenticeship as teenage B-boys".

As Autechre's music and studio setup progressed, reviews started to note influences from farther afield; experiments in algorithmic and generative synthesis, musique concrete, and FM synthesis drew comparisons with Iannis Xenakis and Bernard Parmegiani from critics such as Paul Morley.

Autechre also cite Coil as a major influence, with an unfinished collaboration of unknown completeness occurring around the release of LP5 and EP7.
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